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  • Dishon Edward

The Water Crisis: How do we Save Water for the Future

Seventy percent of earth's surface is covered with water and only 1 percent is found to be available as fresh water, a little of it is reachable for human needs.

If current water crisis continues, then by 2025, 2 out of every 3 people on earth will be out of fresh water.

Hence its high time we understand the using the water to its right limit and finding ways to save it for future Generation.

With the increase in residential, commercial and Industrial development around us, potable (drinkable) water is used more and get wasted more, where potable becomes wastewater which has to be treated through various treatment facilities which will need high amount of energy that emits greenhouse gases that depletes the ozone layer.

During this water crisis, it is essential to explore the ways we can stop wasting water and find methods to save and store them for future use.

The best way that can be done is emphasizing on the usage of water in 2 categories

Indoor Water Use

Outdoor Water Use

Indoor Water Use

This refers to the water that is being consumed inside a building, where the use of water for urinals, toilet, showers and other appliance can come under this section.

The Indoor usage of potable water can be controlled with the usage of water efficient fixture and fittings with the usage non potable water wherever necessary.

Small steps leads to big things.

Some of the small ways in which the water can be saved are by using Dual-flush toilets,

High efficiency toilet, waterless urinal, composting toilet system, low flow faucets and shower head, Faucets with low aerators or motion sensor.

Greywater (untreated water from household usage that doesn't mix with human waste), treated blackwater (flushed water) which is also called as reclaimed water and harvested rainwater can be used as flush water for toilets.

Outdoor Water Use

As we know, outdoor water usage is water used outside the building but mostly in the landscape region.

Usage of native and adaptive plants for landscape instead of the usage of the invasive plants since the native and adapted plants use less water.

Xeriscaping is the best landscaping method that can be used since it requires no irrigation.

Using high efficient irrigation system such as drip irrigation system, bubbler distribution system and system that waters directly to the roots of the plants.

These are some of the basic simple ways in which, each of us can help the world in meeting the possibilities of saving water in the future.

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#irrigation #earth #covid19 #pandemic

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